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APA Format and Citation Guide: APA Basic References

Information Literacy

Style Guide

Creating Reference Using 7th Edition APA Style

For Journal Articles:

Author, A.A., Author, B.B., & Author, C.C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Volume Number(Issue Number), pages.


For Books:

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

For Webpage:

Author, A. A. & Author, B. B. (date of publication). Title of document. Retrieved from http://webaddress.


Elements of a Reference

A well written reference provides all the information needed for the reader of your work to find the original source that you have cited.  All references should include:

  • Who? Author(s), editor, translator, compiler
  • When? Date of publication
  • What? Name of the article, book, chapter, including subtitle.
  • Where? journal, pubisher, publisher location, website, DOI

Test your APA Knowledge

The following institutions offer open source APA quizzes to test your knowledge of APA style.