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USSA Scholarship and Publications: Academy Dissertations 2018-

Dissertation Database of ProQuest

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Bening Stadler, C. J. (2018)

Bening Stadler, C. J. (2018). Examining the effectiveness of leadership curriculum for undergraduate recreation students (Order No. 13837316). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses A&I. (2175661023).

ABSTRACT.  Leadership can be taught utilizing a variety of curricula, some focusing on kinesthetic methods, while others focus more on theory and concepts. The objective of the current study was to determine which curriculum methods provided students with the most effective learning. Students often enter a recreational leadership course with varying degrees of experience, some without ever having led. Others may have several years of experience to which they can anchor different leadership theories. This study focused on one course taught at California State University, Sacramento within the Recreation, Parks, and Tourism Administration (RPTA) department. The research involved RPTA 32: Leadership Group Development taught in the spring of 2018. A total of 20 subjects completed the study. The subjects anonymously completed a demographic questionnaire and the Student Leadership Practices Inventory (SLPI) at the beginning of the semester and at the end of the semester. The SLPI was developed by Kouzes and Posner (2006) and has established validity (Foli, Braswell, Kirkpatrick, & Lim, 2014; Komives, Dugan, Owen, Slack, & Wagner, 2011). The students also completed a survey developed by the researcher at the end of the semester focusing on the effectiveness of the course's assignments. This quantitative research utilized a one-tailed t-test to compare scores of the SLPI. The results demonstrated a statistical significance between the pre- and postSLPI. A multivariate ANOVA was used to examine the eight hypothesis statements. With the alpha level set at p < .05, the MANOVA did not produce statistical significance, but the results displayed that practical assignments ranked highest for students.

Gilbert, A.W. (2018)

Gilbert, A. W. (2018). Perceived effectiveness of the hudl video hosting system for training and development (Order No. 13837322). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses A&I. (2175661026).

ABSTRACT.  The purpose of this research was to survey high school football officials in the state of Alabama, and examine their perceptions of the effectiveness of a common 21st Century training instrument that has widespread use. The Hudl Video Hosting service is a program that many high school football coaches have used for years to assist in the training and development of their players. Many football officials' associations began using the same system so they could examine, receive, and share video clips from coaches in an effort to provide education and training to the officials. The Hudl Perceived Effectiveness Questionnaire (HPEQ) was developed specifically for this study to ascertain the opinions of the Hudl Video Hosting service by registered football officials across the Alabama High School Athletic Association (AHSAA). The data were collected and examined with parametric Pearson correlations, group comparisons with t tests, and repeated measures ANOVA test. The results showed that all features of the Hudl Video Hosting program (over program: M=3.84, SD=0.93; annotations: M=3.57, SD=1.00; devices: M=3.50, SD=1.04; review: M=3.51, SD=1.05; sharing: M=3.44, SD=1.01; and camera: M=3.35, SD=1.07) measured between effective and highly effective on a 5-point Likert scale. The annotation feature (M=3.84) was found to be the most effective of all the different features that were examined by the HPEQ. A total of 234 AHSAA registered football officials responded to the survey request by completing the HPEQ.

Hoffman, A. (2018)

Hoffmann, A. (2018). Influence of postprandial conditions on the accuracy of air displacement plethysmography (Order No. 13837317). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses A&I. (2175661021).



Given the high rates of obesity in the United States, and the corresponding medical issues and costs associated with the condition, efforts need to be focused on reversing the obesity trend. A first step in preventing obesity is to perform simple body composition assessments to identify those who are at risk for gaining weight. Bod Pod® testing has been shown to be an accurate method for assessing body composition for most populations. The one requirement for Bod Pod® testing that may discourage some subjects from having their body composition measured is the stipulation that subjects need to be in a fasted state at the time of testing. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of consuming food immediately prior to Bod Pod® testing on the accuracy of the testing procedure.

A total of 30 adult subjects participated in the study by undergoing 2 same-day Bod Pod® tests. The first Bod Pod® test was done in a fasted state. Following the first Bod Pod® test, subjects consumed a 68 gram breakfast bar and then immediately underwent a second Bod Pod® test.

Results of the study indicated that there was an increase in body fat percentage (0.14%) between the fasted condition (M = 23.00. SD = 9.77) and the postprandial condition (M = 23.14, SD = 9.42), but was found not to be statistically significant with a significance factor set at p ≤ 0.05.

The findings of this study suggest that though there was not a statistically significant different body composition readings between the fasted condition and postprandial condition, postprandial conditions did result in a wide variance of body composition readings on certain trials. Thus, the guidelines for the timing of food consumption prior to Bod Pod® testing as set forth by the Bod Pod® manufacturer should be followed for most accurate results.

McChalicher, G. (2018)

Obee, T. (2018)

Obee, T. (2018). Perceptions of students on paying of student-athletes beyond the athletic scholarship (Order No. 10997472). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses A&I. (2135653500).


Schroeder, L.H. (2018)

Schroeder, L. H. (2018). Leadership, gender, job satisfaction, and intent to leave in NCAA division I athletic trainers (Order No. 13837320). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses A&I. (2175661030). 


ABSTRACT. The athletic training profession has experienced retention difficulties especially amongst young professionals as well as a decline in professional membership. This study determined the extent of a hypothesized relationship between perceived leadership opportunities (PLO) (both in professional organizations and employment), job satisfaction, and intention to leave (ITL) the profession in assistant athletic trainers employed by NCAA DI schools. Associations by gender were used to determine if there were significant relationships or differences in intercollegiate athletic trainers (AT). Data were collected from a sample of 162 employed ATs who are members of NATA. Four instruments were used to gather data: a demographic survey, a perceived leadership opportunities survey (PLOS), a job satisfaction survey (JSS), and an intention to leave survey (ITLS). Significance was noted between genders in the ITLS t-test (t=-2.280, p < 0.05) suggesting the strongest intention by female ATs (M = 11.59, SE = 4.28) to leave the profession over male counterpart (M = 10.13, SE = 3.70). PLO in ATs was a weak predictor for ITL (r = -0.370, p < 0.001) in all participants and also when divided by male ( r = -0.384, p < 0.002) and female (= -0.346, p < 0.001). A strong predictor for job satisfaction amongst ATs was found to be PLO (r = 0.547, p < 0.001). Another strong correlation was found in female ATs (r = 0.587, p < 0.001), while a weak correlation was found in male ATs (r =0.464, p < 0.001). Future research should investigate these relationships and predictors within different employment settings.

Keywords: Gender, Athletic trainers, leadership, job satisfaction, intent to leave

Zieden Weber, S. (2018)

Zieden Weber, S. (2018). The state of college baseball and the college world series (Order No. 13837319). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses A&I. (2175661024).



This study was completed to show the state of college baseball and the increases in popularity at the College World Series (CWS). The first research question asked if there has been a significant change in attendance and popularity in the sport of Division I college baseball due to increased television exposure and the addition of conference-specific television networks. The second research question asked if there was a significant change in attendance at the CWS over the last 20 years due to a change in venue and location; and the third research question asked how media coverage of the sport has changed due to entities solely concerned with the sport.

The research for this study included several interviews with Division I and II head coaches along with media personnel and former student-athletes who played the sport at the highest level. All responses to the same questions were similar in nature, and uniform in conclusions. Research was gathered from the 2015, 2016, 2017, and 2018 college baseball seasons and the CWS tournament in Omaha, Nebraska. All conclusions and discussions were gathered by the researcher, who traveled the country collecting data. The conclusions point to an increase in attendance and an overall increase in newer facilities. All factors discovered led to the conclusion that the state of college baseball is still growing.